Research List

Use these research resources to search for and evaluate evidence-based teaching and learning approaches.

In order to track and monitor their progress, it is helpful for students to build up a picture of what success will “look like” in any given task. Explore the latest thinking on how to best clarify learning intentions and develop success criteria at ranging levels of proficiency.

Using success criteria (AITSL)

Learning Intentions and Success Criteria (AITSL)

Learning goals and success criteria (Department of Education and Communities)

Focus on Learning: Learning Intentions & Success Criteria Workshop Booklet (National Council for Curriculum and Assessment)

Learning Intentions and Success Criteria: learners’ and teachers’ views by H.Crichton & A. McDaid

Formative assessment and self regulated learning: A model and seven principles of good feedback practice by D. Nicola & D. Macfarlane-Dick

Loved by teachers around the world, Barak Rosenshine’s Principles of Instruction provide neat, punchy descriptions of effective, responsive teaching practice. Explore this range of resources, readings and responses to the Principles – these are the perfect materials for a sequence of Teaching Sprints focused on explicit instruction in the classroom.

Exploring Barak Rosenshine’s seminal Principles of Instruction

Poster from Tom Sherrington & Oliver Caviglioli 

Rosenshine’s Principles: 10 FAQs

Principles of Instruction: Research-based strategies that all teachers should know. By Barak Rosenshine (American Educator, Spring 2012)

Principles of instruction by Barak Rosenshine (International Academy of Education)

Rosenshine’s Principles in Action by Tom Sherrington (Book for purchase)

Cognitive Load Theory provides a helpful framework for teachers to carefully consider the limitations of working memory – leading researcher Dylan Wiliam once described it as “the single most important thing for teachers to know”. Drawing on the resources below, explore Cognitive Load Theory, its relevance for teachers and the implications for classroom practice.

Cognitive Load Theory (NSW Centre for Educational Statistics and Evaluation)

An Introduction to Cognitive Load Theory

Using Load Reduction Instruction (LRI) to boost motivation and engagement

Simplifying Cognitive Load 

I had an idea in the 1980s and to my surprise, it changed education around the world (exploring key theories – cognitive load theory and constructivism)

Managing Cognitive Load through Effective Presentations (CESE)

SLRC PEN#1. Written text and spoken word don’t mix

SLRC PEN#2. Visual Images and spoken word mix well 

SLRC PEN#6. Multitasking impairs memory and learning

The Learning Scientists – dual coding resources

Dual Coding for Teachers by Oliver Caviglioli (Book for purchase)

An important aspect of teaching involves helping students to monitor their own thoughts and processes in the classroom; this often involves teaching very specific strategies that students can draw on when facing a hurdle in their learning. Explore the following resources to help you better teach students to monitor, assess and evaluate their own mental processes for learning.

Metacognition and Self Regulated Learning Guidance Report (Education Endowment Foundation)

EEF Blog: Making Sense of Metacognition

Toolkits and practice guides based on evidence-informed approaches to literacy instruction.


Literacy toolkit (Victorian Department of Education) and User Map

Australian Literacy Progression

Preparing for Literacy (Education Endowment Foundation)

Improving Literacy in Key Stage One (Education Endowment Foundation)

Improving Literacy in Key Stage Two (Education Endowment Foundation)

Improving Literacy in Secondary Schools (Education Endowment Foundation)

Stage specific resources (NSW Department of Education)


Effective Reading Instruction in the Early Years of School (NSW Centre for Education Statistics and Evaluation)

Effective Reading Programs for Secondary Students ( Baye, A., Lake, C., Inns, A., & Slavin, R. (2017))

Improving Reading: A Guide for Teachers (CEM, EEF, Durham Univeristy)

Teaching Strategies for Reading (NSW Department of Education)

How Knowledge Helps (Prof Daniel Willingham)

Reading comprehension requires knowledge – of words and the world


Writing Approaches in Years 3 to 13: Evidence Review (Education Endowment Foundation)

Teaching Secondary Students to Write Effectively (What Works Clearinghouse)

Effective Writing Instruction (VIC Literacy Teaching Toolkit)

The Writing Book Support Website

Talk 4 Writing

English for Australian Curriculum

Teaching Strategies for Writing (NSW Department of Education)

In Conversation with Dr Tessa Daffern: Teaching Spelling

Toolkits and practice guides based on evidence-informed approaches to mathematics instruction.

Stage Specific Resources (NSW Department of Education) Number & Algebra, Statistics & Probability, Measurement & Geometry, Numeracy overview

Victorian DET Numeracy Guide 

NZ Maths Units of Work

NZ Maths Problem Solving

Australian Numeracy Progression

Top Draw Teachers
Looking for ideas to help your teaching? Topic areas are: Fractions; Mental computation; Patterns; Reasoning; Statistics; Geometric reasoning.

Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics

Make It Count: Maths and Indigenous Learners
Make It Count is for educators working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander learners in mathematics education. It is a teaching and learning resource, and a professional learning tool.

Improving Mathematics in Key Stages Two and Three (Education Endowment Foundation) 

Improving mathematical problem solving in Grades 4-8 (What Works Clearinghouse)

Scaffolding Numeracy in the Middle Years: Authentic Tasks

Victorian DET Numeracy portal (Victorian State Government)

Victorian DET Maths Teaching Toolkit (Victorian State Government)

Improving mathematics in upper primary and lower secondary

Learning: What is it, and how might we catalyse it?

Improving Secondary Science

English Learners in STEM Subjects – Transforming Classrooms, Schools and Lives (2018), Consensus Study Report. Free PDF download available.

Science and Engineering for Grades 6-12 – Investigation and Design at the Center (2018). Free PDF download available.

Best Evidence Science Teaching

Evidence for Learning Toolkit (Australia)
Summarises the global evidence base on 34 different approaches to lift learning outcomes in schools. You can view all approaches, see approaches relevant to primary or secondary schools or look at approaches by school management area.

Education Endowment Foundation (UK)
An accessible summary of the international evidence on teaching 5-16 year-olds
Guidance Reports
– Clear and actionable recommendations for teachers on a range of high-priority issues, based on the best available evidence
Promising Projects
– EEF funded projects which have shown promising results when trialled

What Works Clearinghouse (USA)

Best Evidence Encyclopedia (USA)
Created by the Johns Hopkins University School of Education’s Center for Data-Driven Reform in Education (CDDRE) to give educators and researchers fair and useful information about the strength of the evidence supporting a variety of programs available for students in grades K-12.

IMPACT Journal of the Chartered College of Teaching (UK)

ResearchEd Magazine (UK)